Curricular Objectives

GMS offers an educational program that has been used with excellence around the world during the past 100 years, based on the guidelines of Maria Montessori. We follow this educational program for Language Arts, Maths, Science, Practical Life and Sensorial, and we added the areas of Physical Education, Social Skills and Art. Our curriculum objectives are the following:

    • Language arts:
        • 1-3 years of age:
            • To develop and expand vocabulary related to Nature, familiar objects, family, clothes, colours
            • To practice basic counting
            • To recognise and name different farm animals
            • To name familiar objects
            • To become aware of numbers
            • To name most of the external parts of the human body
            • To name external parts of the horse
            • To name external parts of the bird
            • To recognise and practice phonetic sounds
            • To become familiar with the names of numbers and with what they represent
            • To organise information by category
            • To develop pre-writing skills
            • To develop pre-reading skills
            • To practice listening skills
            • To use creativity and imagination to create stories
            • To start understanding the concepts of addition and subtraction
        • 3-6 years of age:
            • To practice pre-writing skills
            • To recognise small letters and capital letters
            • To place letters on line
            • To name objects that start with the same letter/sound
            • To read in both English and Spanish
            • To recognise different parts of the sentence: name, article, adjective and verb
            • To write in both English and Spanish
            • To develop creative writing
            • To create a story from an image
            • To recite poetry
    • Mathematics:
        • 1-3 years of age (implicit in other areas of the curriculum, such as Language or Sensorial)
        • 3-6 years of age:
            • To comprehend mathematical concepts: weight
            • To comprehend mathematical concepts: size
            • To comprehend mathematical concepts: length
            • To comprehend mathematical concepts: shape
            • To comprehend mathematical concepts: quantity
            • To make quantities
            • To recognise the numerical symbols 1 to 9
            • To understand algebraic binomial formulas
            • To recognise the numerical symbols 10 to 19
            • To form numerals
            • To understand algebraic trinomial formulas
            • To introduce the decimal system
            • To learn multiples of ten, from 10 to 90
            • The hundreds, from 100 to 900
            • To learn numbers 0 to 9999
            • The Four Operations: Addition
            • The Four Operations: Subtraction, 
            • The Four Operations: Multiplication
            • The Four Operations: Division
            • Exchange between systems
    • Physical Education: 
        • 1-3 years of age:
            • To develop hand-eye coordination
            • To develop the ability to organise the space
            • Different ways to move in the space: Walking, jumping, tip-toeing, walking sideways
            • To fortalice muscles in hands and fingers in preparation for writing
            • To practice fine and gross motor skills
            • To practice moving without disturbing others
            • To climb a climbing wall
            • To go up and down stairs
            • To walk on balance beam
            • To walk holding an object
        • – 3-6 years of age:
            • To jump with two feet together
            • To walk backwards
            • To skip a rope
            • To hop on one foot
            • To bounce a ball
            • To play basketball
            • To control breathing
            • To sort obstacles
            • To climb a ladder
            • To run
            • To kick a ball
    • Social skills: 
        • 1-3 years of age:
            • To observe reactions
            • To develop concentration
            • To recognise and imitate facial expressions
            • To imitate body movements
            • To understand a follow instructions
            • To recognise and identify others
            • To recognise and name own emotions and in others
        • 3-6 years of age:
            • To create music in group
            • To practice behaviours taking into account others
            • To practice taking turns
            • To say “no” assertively
            • To introduce oneself to a group of people
            • To work with others for a common objective
            • To develop good manners
            • To practice interactions with others
            • To share materials
            • To extend the social skills
            • To expand the sense of community
            • To practice grace and courtesy
    • Practical life:
        • 1-2 years of age:
            • To place and manipulate a working mat
            • To develop fine motor skills
            • To contribute to the order in the school
            • To expand the ability to concentrate
            • To match utensils
            • To cut food in shapes
            • To develop a routine of self care
            • To pour liquid from a container to another
            • To serve food and drink independently
            • To place plates on the table
            • To fasten and unfasten clothes with velcro
            • To use utensils for cutting
            • To plan and prepare simple snacks
            • To dissemble and reassemble
            • To practice the motions in wrist and hand necessary for the posterior writing
            • To develop self-esteem and independency 
            • To expand concentration
            • To follow a series of steps
        • 3-6 years of age:
            • To roll and unroll a mat
            • To walk around a mat
            • To move a chair
            • To walk on the line
            • To carry a tray
            • To wipe up a spill
            • To pour solids and liquid
            • To transfer solids with the pincer grasp, a spoon, tongs, tweezers
            • To transfer water with a sponge, a ladle, a bulb baster, an eyedropper, a suction cup
            • To open and close containers with different types of lids
            • To wash hands
            • To clean fingernails
            • To fasten and unfasten clothes with buttons, snaps, zip, hook and eye, belt, bow, lace
            • To role socks
            • To polish shoes
            • To use different types of locks and keys
            • To sweep, to mop, to rake
            • To hang clothes using clothespins
            • To wash a table and a mirror
            • To care for a plant
            • To plant a seed
            • To sort cutlery
            • To set a table
            • To use a rotary egg beater
            • To sift 
            • To use a rolling pin and cookie cutters
            • To sort objects for recycling
            • To fasten nuts and bolts
            • To greet people
            • To draw a person’s attention
            • To say please, thank you and welcome
            • To offer food to others
            • To blow one’s nose
            • To cough and sneeze
            • To pack an overnight bag
            • To make orange juice
            • To peel and chop carrots
            • To hammer nails
            • To wrap a present
            • To sew a button
            • To answer the telephone
            • To effectively call 112
    • Sensorial:
        • 1-2 years of age:
            • To explore “hot” and “cold”
            • To name, identify and match colours
            • To identify objects by feel
            • To match objects by pattern and texture
            • To work with plasticine
            • To experience and identify different sounds
            • To experience and identify different smells
        • 3-6 years of age:
            • To develop visual discrimination
            • To develop auditory discrimination
            • To increase the vocabulary related to senses
            • To promote the left-to-right movement
            • To develop the progression top-to-bottom
            • To increase attention
            • To develop the hand-eye coordination
            • To understand relative size, weight and volume
            • To discover properties such as hight, width, length, area, volume, composition, texture, temperature, weight, shape, tone, smell and taste 
            • To develop the stereognostic sense
            • To develop the thermic sense
            • To become aware of the kinestesic and muscular senses
    • Science: 
        • 1-3 years of age (implicit in other areas):
            • Costumes
            • Traditions around the world
            • International gastronomy
            • Art around the world
            • Farm animals
            • The big cats
            • Means of transport
            • Wild animals
            • Insects
            • Mammals
            • External parts of the human body
            • External parts of insects
        • 3-6 years of age:
            • The Three Elements
            • To explore land a water forms
            • To explore the Globe: To distinguish continents and oceans.
            • To memorise continents, countries and oceans
            • To learn where home is in an Atlas
            • To explore life in different countries
            • To learn flags of the World
            • To match national anthems to flags
            • To recite the months and the seasons
            • To create a family tree
            • To understand living and non-living things
            • To learn the part of the plant
            • To classify vertebrates and invertebrates
            • To care for a pet animal
            • To match animals with continents
            • To classify fish
            • To learn the external parts of the fish
            • To classify amphibians
            • To learn the external parts of the frog
            • To classify reptiles
            • To learn the external parts of the turtle
            • To classify birds
            • To learn the external parts of birds
            • To classify horses
            • To learn the external parts of horses
            • To explore parts of the root
            • To explore parts of the stem
            • To explore parts of the leaf
            • To explore parts of the flower
            • To explore parts of the fruit
            • To explore magnetism
            • To experience buoyancy
            • To understand timelines
            • To explore the seasons
            • To explore parts of the seed
            • To explore density
            • To explore volume
            • To explore solutions
            • To explore evaporation
            • To explore chemical reactions
            • To explore light and colour
            • To understand the movement of the Solar System
    • Art: 
        • 1-3 years of age:
            • To identify different textures
            • To represent visual, auditive and motor sensations
            • To investigate perception and spatial awareness
            • To explore and observe the surroundings
            • To cut different patterns
            • To develop sensorimotor coordination with the objective of using and looking after the tools
            • To create a painting by using watercolour, stamps, paint, markers, colouring pencils
            • To create a collage
            • To create a statue with clay
            • To use glue
            • To dance with neck scarves
            • To do freeze dance
            • To dance slowly and fast
            • To experiment maracas, drum, Chinese box, rain drum
        • 3-6 years of age:
            • To identify different textures
            • To represent visual, auditive and motor sensations
            • To investigate perception and spatial awareness
            • To participate in the planning and developing of the process of creating art
            • To actively participate in the creation of material
            • To create a statue with clay
            • To follow patterns
            • To create a colour wheel
            • To explore and observe the surroundings
            • To create a painting using watercolour, stamps, markers, colouring pencils
            • To explore different painting techniques
            • To use the easel
            • To practice threading
            • To play the Montessori bells
            • To dance to the rhythm
            • To sing
            • To match bells (notes)
            • To clap at the rhythm of the music
            • To explore the triangle
            • To explore the musical sticks
            • To explore the kazoo
            • To explore the maracas
            • To explore the timbal
            • To explore the rain sticks
            • To create an orchestra
            • To play the whistle
            • To differentiate different string, wood, percussion, wind and tin instruments by image and by sound
            • To dance on a line
            • To dance to folk
            • To interpret by dancing

This abilities are practiced according to each child’s readiness and aimed to the school’s mission of statement: to help children to be able to investigate critically, examine processes and to achieve desired results, autonomously and as part of a group. 

The school has all the needed Montessori and non-Montessori material to achieve theses curricular objectives. The staff at GMS has completed the adequate training, have vast experience in Montessori education and follow a training schedule created by this school.